Drugs Acting On The Gastrointestinal System And Metabolism

A B C D E F G I K L M N P R S T

A

Aceglutamide
Aceglutamide is a psychostimulant and nootropic used to improve memory and concentration. Chemically, it is the acetyl derivative of the amino acid L-glutamine.
Acetoxolone
Acetoxolone is a drug used for peptic ulcer and gastroesophageal reflux disease. It is an acetyl derivative of glycyrrhetinic acid.
Alka Seltzer
http://www.alka-seltzer.com/home/index.html
Alka-Seltzer is an effervescent antacid and pain reliever first marketed by the Dr. Miles Medicine Company.
Alverine
Alverine is a drug used for functional gastrointestinal disorders.
Antispasmodic
An antispasmodic (synonym: spasmolytic) is a drug or a herb that suppresses muscle spasms.

B

Benexate
Benexate (INN) is a drug used in the treatment of acid-related disorders.
Bismuth subgallate
Bismuth subgallate, with a chemical formula C7H5BiO6, is the active ingredient in Devrom (internal deodorant), an over-the-counter FDA-approved medicine commonly used to treat malodor by deodorizing flatulence and stool. Also, it has been used to treat Helicobacter pylori infection and is used in wound therapy.
Bismuth subsalicylate
Bismuth subsalicylate, with a nominal chemical formula of C7H5BiO4, is a colloidal substance obtained by hydrolysis of bismuth salicylate (Bi{C6H4(OH)CO2}3). The actual structure is unknown and the formulation is only approximate.
Bromo Seltzer
Bromo-Seltzer (acetaminophen, sodium bicarbonate, and citric acid), is an antacid used to relieve pain occurring together with heartburn, upset stomach, or acid indigestion. Originally produced by inventor Isaac E.

C

Candoxatril
Candoxatril is the orally active prodrug of candoxatrilat (UK-73967) human neutral endopeptidase (Neprilysin) as the neutral endopeptidase 24.11 complexed (RB-101) with phosphoramidon degrades and inactivates a number of bioactive peptides. Two multiply connected folding domains of the neutral endopeptidase locus splicing of exons 1, 2a, or 2b to the common exon 3 composed of 24 exons of the human CALLA/NEP gene containing the active site, it is known as peptidase family M13 (neprilysin family, clan MA(E)) the gluzincins a faint but significant structural relationship of the metzincins to the thermolysin-like enzymes, Zincin is the simplest descriptor of biological space.
Carbenoxolone
Carbenoxolone, a synthetic derivative of glycyrrhetinic acid, is a licensed drug (in the UK) for oesophageal ulceration and inflammation. Other uses include treatment of oral and perioral lesions.
Cetraxate
Cetraxate (INN) is an oral gastrointestinal medication which has a cytoprotective effect.
Colofac
Colofac is a medicine belonging to a group of medicines known as antispasmodic agents. It usually contains 135 mg of Mebeverine Hydrochloride with the minor ingredients of lactose, potato starch, povidone, purified talc, magnesium stearate, sucrose, gelatin, acacia and carnauba wax.

D

Drotaverine
Drotaverine (INN, also known as drotaverin) is an antispasmodic drug, structurally related to papaverine. Drotaverine is a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4, and has no anticholinergic effects. Drotaverine has been shown to possess dose-dependant analgesic effects in animal models.

E

Ecadotril
Ecadotril is a neutral endopeptidase inhibitor ((NEP) EC 3.4.24.11) and determined by the presence of peptidase family M13 as a neutral endopeptidase inhibited by phosphoramidon. Ecadotril is the (S)-enantiomer of racecadotril.
Eupatilin
Eupatilin is a O-methylated flavone, a type of flavonoids. It can be found in Artemisia asiatica (Asteraceae).

F

Festal
Festal is a brand name drug containing pancreatin, hemicellulase, and certain bile components. Festal is indicated for use in people with gastrointestinal problems in order to help actively digest food (especially fatty meals that require pancreatic enzymes).

G

Gastrocaine
Gastrocaine is an antacid often taken as a prophylaxis against gastrointestinal complaints.
Gefarnate
Gefarnate is a drug used for the treatment of gastric ulcers.
GI cocktail
A gastrointestinal cocktail, known as a GI cocktail, is a generic term for a mixture of liquid antacid, viscous lidocaine, and an anticholinergic primarily used to treat dyspepsia. The GI cocktail may also deceptively mask pain originating from the heart.

I

Imiglucerase
Imiglucerase is a medication used in the treatment of Gaucher's disease. It is a recombinant DNA-produced analogue of human β-glucocerebrosidase.

K

Kolanticon
http://www.kolanticon.co.uk
Kolanticon is the brand name of a multi-ingredient drug preparation marketed in the United Kingdom by Peckforton Pharmaceuticals. It is indicated for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional dyspepsia (indigestion) and the symptoms of peptic ulcer.

L

Librax
Librax is a drug consisting of chlordiazepoxide and clidinium bromide and used to treat peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and gastritis. It helps relieve stomach spasms, abdominal cramps, and anxiety related to gastric disorders.
Linaclotide
Linaclotide (marketed under the trade name Linzess) is an experimental peptide agonist of guanylate cyclase 2C that is undergoing clinical trials for use in treating abdominal pain in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) accompanied by constipation. The drug also looks promising in the treatment of gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO), and inertia coli as well.
Lubiprostone
http://www.amitiza.com/
Lubiprostone (rINN, marketed under the trade name Amitiza) is a medication used in the management of chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. It was approved by the U.S.

M

Maalox
Maalox is a brand name antacid containing calcium carbonate to neutralize or reduce stomach acid. Maalox helps relieve symptoms of excessive stomach acidity in patients with indigestion, heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease, or stomach or duodenal ulcers.

N

Nauseant
A nauseant is a substance or an agent that is used to generate the tendency to vomit. Tobacco and egg white are nauseous to children, and produce sickness at the stomach.

P

Prostaglandin analogue
Synthetic prostaglandin analogues are molecules which are manufactured to bind to a prostaglandin receptor.

R

Reflux suppressant
A reflux suppressant is any one of a number of drugs used to combat oesophageal reflux. Commonly, following ingestion a 'raft' of alginic acid is created, floating on the stomach contents by carbon dioxide released by the drug.

S

Seidlitz powder
Seidlitz powder or Sedlitz powders is the name under which a commonly known regulator of digestion and laxative was distributed. It is composed of a mixture of tartaric acid, sodium bicarbonate, and potassium sodium tartrate, and is used as a mild cathartic by dissolving it in water and drinking.
Sofalcone
Sofalcone (INN) is an oral gastrointestinal medication. It is a synthetic derivative of sophoradin, a chalconoid, a type of natural phenol found in Sophora tonkinensis (or Sophora subprostrata), a herb used in traditional Chinese medicine.
Sucralfate
Sucralfate is a cytoprotective agent, an oral gastrointestinal medication primarily indicated for the treatment of active duodenal ulcers. Brand names include Sucramal in Italy; Carafate in U.S.A.; Pepsigard, Sucral, Sucrafil, Hapifate in India; Sutra or Musin in parts of South-East Asia; Sulcrate in Canada; Ulsanic in South Africa and Israel; and Antepsin in Turkey.
Sulfasalazine
Sulfasalazine (brand name Azulfidine in the U.S., Salazopyrin and Sulazine in Europe and Hong Kong) was developed in the 1950s specifically to treat rheumatoid arthritis. It was believed at the time that bacterial infections were the cause of rheumatoid arthritis.
Sulglicotide
Sulglicotide (or sulglycotide) is a drug used for peptic ulcer and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

T

Teprenone
Teprenone (or geranylgeranylacetone) is a pharmaceutical drug used for the treatment of gastric ulcers.
Tidiacic
Tidiacic is a hepatoprotective drug. It is a component of tidiacic arginine.
Tiropramide
Tiropramide (INN) is an antispasmodic.


    
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