Italian Archaeologists



Alessandra Melucco Vaccaro
Alessandra Melucco Vaccaro (4 April 1940, Rome - 29 August 2000, Rome) was an Italian historian and archaeologist. Her main activity was in the three fields in which she made significant innovations - the High Middle Ages, archaeological restoration, and environment and landscape.
Andrea Carandini
Count Andrea Carandini (born 1937) is an Italian professor of archaeology specialising in ancient Rome. Among his many excavations is the villa of Settefinestre.
Anselmo Banduri
Anselmo Banduri (August 18, 1671 or 1675 – January 4, 1743) was a Benedictine scholar, archaeologist and numismatologist from the Republic of Ragusa. Banduri was born in Ragusa, Dalmatia as Matteo (Matija) Banduri, he joined the Benedictines at an early age and took the monk name Anselmo.
Antonio Maria Colini
Antonio Maria Colini was a Roman archaeologist who studied, among other topics, the Severan marble plan of Rome known as the Forma Urbis Romae. He was part of the group of scholars associated with Italo Gismondi.
Antonio Nibby
Antonio Nibby (Amatrice 1792- Rome, 1839) was an Italian archaeologist. Nibby was a critic of the history of ancient art and from 1812 in service to the Vatican worked to excavate the monuments of Rome.
Ariodante Fabretti
Ariodante Fabretti (1816 - 1894) was an Italian academic and archaeologist.
Arturo Issel
Arturo Issel (April 11, 1842 – November 27, 1922) was an Italian geologist, palaeontologist, malacologist and archaeologist. He is noted for first defining the Tyrrhenian Stage in 1914. Issel was also renown at the time for his work on codifying information within Anthropology and Ethnology, for which he is still remembered.


Bargil Pixner
Bargil Pixner (March 23, 1921 – April 5, 2002) was an ethnically German, yet politically Italian, Benedictine monk, Biblical scholar and archaeologist, and Benedictine authority on the Dead Sea scrolls.
Bernardino Drovetti
Bernardino Michele Maria Drovetti (4 January 1776 - 1852) was an Italian diplomat, lawyer, explorer and antiquarian, appointed by Napoleon as French consul to Egypt at a time when the country and its antiquities were being opened rapidly to European knowledge and acquisition. His methods were deplorable.


Camillo Tarquini
Camillo Tarquini (27 September 1810 in Marta, located in the Montefiascone region of Italy – 15 February 1874 in Rome) was an Italian Cardinal, Jesuit canonist and archaeologist. Tarquini entered the Society of Jesus on August 27, 1837. Prior to his entrance, Tarquini had published a thesis for his doctorate on canon law: Institutionum juris canonici tabulae synopticae juxta ordinem habitum a Joanne Devote (Rome, 1835).
Carlo Anti
Carlo Anti (Villafranca di Verona, 1889 – 1961) was an Italian archaeologist and academic. He also served as an army official from the First World War until 1922. From 1925 to 1936 he assisted Luigi Pernier in excavations on the Sanctuary of Apollo at Cyrene.
Carlo Fea
Carlo Fea (2 February 1753 - 18 March 1836) was an Italian archaeologist. Born at Pigna, in what is now Liguria, Fea studied law in Rome, receiving the degree of doctor of laws from the university of La Sapienza, but archaeology gradually attracted his attention, and with the view of obtaining better opportunities for his research in 1798 he took orders.
Casto Innocenzio Ansaldi
Casto Innocenzio Ansaldi (March 7, 1710, Piacenza, Italy—1780, Turin) was an Italian professor, theologian and archaeologist. In 1726 Ansaldi entered the Dominican Order at Parma, where he pursued his preparatory studies.
Celestino Cavedoni
Celestino Cavedoni (18 May 1795, at Levizzano-Rangone, near Modena – 26 November 1865, in Modena) was an Italian ecclesiastic, archeologist, and numismatist. He pursued his theological studies in the diocesan seminary, and from 1816 to 1821 distinguished himself in the study of archeologist and the Greek and Hebrew languages at the University of Bologna.
Ciriaco de' Pizzicolli
Ciriaco de' Pizzicolli or Cyriacus of Ancona (31 July 1391 — 1453/55) was a restlessly itinerant Italian humanist and antiquarian who came from a prominent family of merchants in Ancona. Sometime he is called the Father of Archaeology.
Clementina Panella
Clementina Panella is an Italian archaeologist, a professor at the University of Rome La Sapienza, where she teaches Methodology of Archaeology. Though none of her publications are available in English, she has guided and co-written a number of articles on the commercial pottery of ancient Italy.


Edward Chiera
Edward Chiera (August 5, 1885 - June 20, 1933) was an Italian-American archaeologist, Assyriologist, and scholar of religions and linguistics. Born in Rome, Italy, in 1885, Chiera trained as a theologian at the Crozer Theological Seminary (B.D.
Emanuele Papi
Emanuele Papi (born August 30, 1959) is an Italian classical archaeologist. He is professor at the University of Siena and his primary research interests are the topography of Ancient Rome, the archaeology of Roman Mediterranean provinces, the economy and trade of Rome and Roman Empire.
Emmanuel Anati
Emmanuel Anati (Florence, 14 May 1930) is an Italian archaeologist.
Ennio Quirino Visconti
Ennio Quirino Visconti (November 1, 1751 – February 7, 1818) was an Italian antiquarian and art historian, papal Prefect of Antiquities, and the leading expert of his day in the field of ancient Roman sculpture. His son, Pietro Ercole Visconti, edited Versi di Ennio Quirino Visconti, raccolti per cura di Pietro Visconti while Louis Visconti became a noted architect in France.
Enrico Stefani
Enrico Stefani was an Italian architect and archaeologist working in Greece, Crete and Italy during the early 20th century.
Ernesto Schiaparelli
Ernesto Schiaparelli (July 12, 1856–February 14, 1928) was an Italian Egyptologist, born in Occhieppo Inferiore (Biella), who found Queen Nefertari's tomb in Deir el-Medina in the Valley of the Queens (1904) and excavated the TT8 tomb of the royal architect Kha (1906), found intact and displayed in toto in Turin. He was appointed director of the Egyptian Museum in Florence, where he professionally reorganized the collection in new quarters in 1880, then at the peak of his career was made director of the Museo Egizio di Torino, which became with him and his many seasons of excavating, the second biggest Egyptian museum in the world.


Fabio Maniscalco
Fabio Maniscalco (Naples 1 August 1965 - 1 February 2008) was an Italian archaeologist, specialist about the protection of cultural property and essayist.
Fausto Zevi
Fausto Zevi is a contemporary Italian classical archaeologist. Presently he is professor of Archaeology and Greco-Roman art history at the University of Rome La Sapienza and has previously held posts at the University of Naples Federico II and as archaeological superintendent at Ostia, Naples, and Rome.
Federico Halbherr
Federico Halbherr (Rovereto, then in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, 15 February 1857 – Rome, 17 July 1930) was an Italian archaeologist and epigrapher, known for his excavations of Crete. A contemporary, good friend, and trusted advisor of Arthur Evans, he began excavating at Phaistos before Evans began excavating at Knossos.
Ferdinando Castagnoli
Ferdinando Castagnoli (June 18, 1917 – July 28, 1988) was a Roman topographer who taught at the University of Rome. Among Castagnoli's fieldwork accomplishments was the amazing discovery of the Latin sanctuary at Lavinium (modern Pratica di Mare) and its series of 13 altars, a find that was revealed to the world in 1959. Also at the site is the so-called heroon of Aeneas.
Filippo Coarelli
Filippo Coarelli (born 1936) is an Italian archaeologist, Professor of Greek and Roman Antiquities at the University of Perugia. He is one of the foremost experts on Roman antiquities and the history of early Rome.
Francesco Scipione marchese di Maffei
Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei (Italian: [franˈtʃesko ʃiˈpjoːne, marˈkeːze di mafˈfɛi]; 1675–1755) was an Italian writer and art critic, author of many articles and plays. An antiquarian with a humanist education whose publications on Etruscan antiquities stand as incunabula of Etruscology, he engaged in running skirmishes in print with his rival in the field of antiquities, Antonio Francesco Gori.


Giovanni Angelo Canini
Giovanni Angelo Canini (1609–1666) was an Italian painter and engraver of the Baroque period. He is also known as Giovanni Agnolo Canini or Giannangiolo.
Giovanni Battista Belzoni
Giovanni Battista Belzoni (Italian pronunciation: [dʒoˈvanni batˈtista belˈdzoːni]; 5 November 1778 – 3 December 1823), sometimes known as The Great Belzoni, was a prolific Italian explorer of Egyptian antiquities.
Giovanni Battista Caviglia
Giovanni Battista Caviglia (born in Genoa 1770; died in Paris, September 7, 1845) was an explorer, navigator and Italian Egyptologist. He was one of the pioneers of Egyptian archeology of his time.
Giovanni Battista Visconti
Giovanni Battista Visconti or Giovanni Battista Antonio Visconti (1722 – 2 September 1784) was an Italian archaeologist and museum curator.
Giovanni Becatti
Giovanni Becatti (1912–1973) was an Italian Classical art historian and archaeologist. Born at Siena, Becatti was educated at the University of Rome under Giulio Quirino Giglioli.
Giovanni Giustino Ciampini
Giovanni Giustino Ciampini (born Rome, 1633; died there 1698) was an ecclesiastical archaeologist. He graduated from the University of Rome as a student of law but soon devoted himself to archaeological interests, which an important office (Magister brevium gratiæ) in the Apostolic Chancery permitted him to pursue.
Giovanni Gozzadini
Giovanni Gozzadini (15 October 1810 – 25 August 1887) was an Italian archeologist. The last male heir of a noble family in Bologna, that had given the city men-at-arms, doctors, and jurists, Giovanni was a highly educated man in other areas such as politics.
Giovanni Lilliu
Giovanni Lilliu (born in Barumini, Italy on 13 March 1914 – died in Cagliari, 19 February 2012), a renowned archeologist, academician, publicist and politician and public figure and an expert of the Nuragic civilization. Largely due to his scientific and archeologic work in the Su Nuraxi di Barumini in Sardinia, Italy, the site was inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1997.
Giovanni Rinaldo
Giovanni Rinaldo, Count of Carli-Rubbi (1720–1795) was an Italian economist and antiquarian.
Giovanni Spano
Giovanni Spano (born Ploaghe, Sardinia, 3 March 1803; died Cagliari, Sardinia, 3 April 1878), also a priest and a linguist, is considered one of the first archaeologists to study the Mediterranean island of Sardinia. After elementary school in which he learnt Arabic, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Latin and the dialects of Sardinia, he progressed to a Sassari seminary and in 1825 earned a degree in theology.
Girolamo Maggi
Girolamo Maggi (c. 1523, Anghiari – March 27, 1572 in Constantinople), or Hieronymus Magius, was an Italian scholar, jurist, poet, military engineer, urban planner, philologist, archaeologist, mathematician, and naturalist who studied at Bologna under Francis Robortello.
Giulio Giglioli
Giulio Quirino Giglioli (1886–1956) was an art historian of classical Roman and Etruscan art and was associated with Fascism in Italy. Giglioli was a student of and assistant to both Emanuel Löwy and Rodolfo Lanciani.
Giulio Lorenzo Selvaggio
Giulio Lorenzo Selvaggio (b. Naples, 10 August 1728; d.
Giuseppe Fede
Conte Giuseppe Fede (died 1777) was an Italian nobleman, collector and archaeologist of the 18th century. As early as 1724 he started to buy up parcels of land on the site of Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli (which had become divided up among a multitude of owners) and excavate on them.
Giuseppe Ferlini
Giuseppe Ferlini (1800–1870), of Bologna, Italy, was an Italian doctor turned explorer and archaeologist who destroyed over 40 pyramids in a quest for treasure in the 1820s in Egypt and Sudan. He served as surgeon the Egyptian army, occupying Sudan.
Giuseppe Lugli
Giuseppe Lugli (1890–1967) was Professor of ancient Roman topography at the University of Rome. Lugli's career was prolific, although among his many significant contributions, several are paramount.
Giuseppe Marchi
Giuseppe Marchi (22 February 1795, Tolmezzo - 10 February 1860, Rome) was an Italian Jesuit archæologist who worked on the Catacombs of Rome. He entered the Society of Jesus in Rome 12 November 1814, shortly after the re-establishment of the order, and was professor of humanities successively in the colleges of Terni, Reggio Emilia, Modena and St.
Giuseppe Ricciotti
Abbot Giuseppe Ricciotti, C.R.L., (Rome, 1890 – 1964) was an Italian canon regular, Biblical scholar and archeologist. He is mainly famous for his book Life of Jesus Christ edited in 1941 and reedited and reprinted several times.
Giuseppe Tucci
Giuseppe Tucci (5 June 1894 – 5 April 1984) was an Italian scholar of oriental cultures, specialising in Tibet and history of Buddhism. During its zenith, Tucci was a supporter of Italian Fascism, and he used idealized portrayals of Asian traditions to support Italian ideological campaigns.
Gualberto Piangatelli
Gualberto Piangatelli (1921–2001) was a historian and archeologist in San Severino Marche. He guided excavations which led to the discovery of two wall gates in the remains of roman Septempeda and of a Picene necropolis, close to the hamlet of Pitino.
Guido Calza
Guido Calza (April 21, 1888 – April 17, 1946), born in Milan in Italy, was an Italian archaeologist whose work included excavations in Rome and at the port city of Ostia. Calza served as inspector of the Ostia excavations and as the director of excavations in the Forum Romanum and the Palatine Hill in Rome.


Isidoro Falchi
Isidoro Falchi (Montopoli in Val d'Arno, 26 April 1838 – Campiglia Marittima, 30 April 1914) was an Italian doctor and self-taught archaeologist. He is notable for his discovery of the Etruscan remains at Vetulonia and the necropolises at Populonia.
Italo Gismondi
Italo Gismondi (August 12, 1887, Rome, Italy – December 2, 1974, Rome) was an Italian archaeologist.


Joseph Whitaker (ornithologist)
Joseph Isaac Spadafora Whitaker (19 March 1850,Palermo - 3 November 1936,Rome) was a Sicilan-English ornithologist, archaeologist and sportsman. He is mainly known for his work on the birds of Tunisia, and for being involved in the foundation of the Sicilian football club U.S.


Karl Jakob Weber
Karl Jakob Weber (12 August, 1712, Arth – 1764) was a Swiss architect and engineer who was in charge of the first organized excavations at Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae, under the patronage of Carlo III of Naples. His detailed drawings provided some of the basis for the luxurious royal folios of Le Antichità di Ercolano esposte, by means of which the European intelligentsia became aware of the details of what was being recovered.


Leopoldo Cicognara
Count Leopoldo Cicognara (17 November 1767 – 5 March 1834) was an Italian archaeologist and writer on art.
Lorenzo Nigro
Lorenzo Nigro (born 1967) is an Italian archaeologist. He is Associated Professor of Near Eastern Archaeology (since 2002), is the Coordinator of the Oriental Section of the Department of Sciences of Antiquities of Sapienza University of Rome (Faculty of Letters and Philosophy).
Louis Godart
Louis Godart (born 12 August 1945) is an Italian archaeologist of Belgian origins. He is a specialist in Mycenaean archaeology and philology and holds the chair of philology at the University of Naples Federico II.
Luigi Canina
Luigi Canina (Casale Monferrato, 1795 – Florence, 1856) was an Italian archaeologist and architect. Luigi Canina, Italian architect and archeologist, was born in Casale Monferrato in 1795 and died in Florence in 1856. He was a pupil of Ferdinando Bonsignore in Turin, and settled in Rome in 1818. Among his works are: some construction at the Villa Borghese (monumental neoclassical propylaea from Piazzale Flaminio); Casino Vagnuzzi outside of Porta del Popolo in Egyptian style; not realized projects for reconstruction of the Sanctuary of Oropa (1856).
Luigi Gaetano Marini
Luigi Gaetano Marini (born in Sant'Arcangelo (pagus Acerbotanus), 18 December 1742; died Paris, 7 May 1815) was a natural philosopher, jurist, historian and archeologist. Having received a comprehensive preparatory education at the College of San Marino and at the seminary at Rimini, he was able to pass through the legal and philological studies at Bologna University brilliantly, and to graduate at Ravenna in utroque jure (in both branches of law).
Luigi Lanzi
Luigi Lanzi (June 14, 1732 – 30 March 1810) was an Italian art historian and archaeologist. When he died he was buried in the church of the Santa Croce at Florence by the side of Michelangelo.
Luigi Pernier
Luigi Pernier (Rome, 23 November 1874 – Rhodes, 18 August 1937) was an Italian archaeologist and academic now best known for his discovery of the Disc of Phaistos.


Margherita Guarducci
Margherita Guarducci (Florence, 20 December 1902 – Rome, 2 September 1999) was an Italian archaeologist, classical scholar and epigrapher. She was a major figure in several crucial moments of the 20th century academic community.
Mario Torelli
Mario Torelli (born May 12, 1937, in Rome, Italy) is a contemporary scholar of Italic archaeology and the culture of the Etruscans. He teaches at the University of Perugia.
Matteo Sansone (archaeologist)
Matteo Sansone (1916–1992) was born in Monte Sant'Angelo, Italy. He was educated as a pharmacist but described himself as "an archaeologist out of passion".
Michele Mercati
Michele Mercati (8 April 1541 – 25 June 1593) was a physician who was superintendent of the Vatican Botanical Garden under Popes Pius V, Gregory XIII, Sixtus V, and Clement VIII.
Michele Stefano de Rossi
Michele Stefano de Rossi (30 October 1834, Rome - 23 October 1898, Rocca di Papa) was an Italian seismologist. He was a younger brother to archaeologist Giovanni Battista de Rossi (1822-1894).


Paolo Matthiae
Paolo Matthiae (born 1940) is an Italian archaeologist. He was Professor of Archaeology and History of Art of the Ancient Near East in the University of Rome La Sapienza; he has been Director of the Ebla Expedition since 1963—in fact, its discoverer—and has published many articles and books about Ebla and about the History of Art of Mesopotamia and Syria in general.
Paolo Orsi
Paolo Orsi (Rovereto, 1859 – 1935) was an Italian archaeologist and classicist.
Pietro la Vega
Pietro la Vega (died 1810) was a Spanish archaeologist and artist known for his drawings of the ruins of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. Originally, like his brother Francisco, Pietro was a military engineer.
Pietro Luigi Galletti
Pietro Luigi Galletti was an Italian Benedictine, historian and archaeologist; b. Rome in 1724; d.
Pietro Romanelli
Pietro Romanelli (1889–1982) was an Italian archaeologist. He carried out excavations at Tarquinia, Ostia, the Palatine Hill in Rome, at the Forum Romanum and at Leptis Magna in Libya.


Raimondo Guarini
Raimondo Guarini (1765–1852) was an Italian archaeologist, epigrapher, poet, college president, and teacher. He was born on May 12, 1765 in Mirabella Eclano, in the province of Avellino, Campania, Italy, the second of three sons born to upper middle class parents-Angelo and Rosaria Guarini.
Ranuccio Bianchi Bandinelli
Ranuccio Bianchi Bandinelli (February 19, 1900 – January 17, 1975) was an Italian archaeologist and art historian.
Riccardo Francovich
Riccardo Francovich (Florence, Italy, June 10, 1946 – Fiesole, Italy, March 30, 2007) was a pioneering Italian archaeologist and expert on Medieval Italy. Francovich was a professor of Medieval archaeology first at the University of Florence and, then, from 1986 until his death in 2007, at the University of Siena.
Rodolfo Lanciani
Rodolfo Amedeo Lanciani (2 January 1845 – 22 May 1929) was an Italian archaeologist, a pioneering student of ancient Roman topography, and among his many excavations was that of the House of the Vestals in the Roman Forum. Lanciani was born in Rome, although some state he was born in Montecelio, now Guidonia Montecelio.


Sabatino Moscati
Sabatino Moscati (November 24 1922 – September 8 1997) was an Italian archaeologist and linguist known for his work on Phoenician and Punic civilizations. In 1954 he became Professor of Semitic Philology at the University of Rome where he established the Institute of Studies of the Near East.


Umberto Zanotti Bianco
Umberto Zanotti Bianco (22 January 1889 – 28 August 1963) was an Italian archaeologist, environmentalist and lifetime senator (1952–1963).


Valerio Massimo Manfredi
Valerio Massimo Manfredi (born 8 March 1943) is an Italian historian, writer, archaeologist and journalist.
Vitaliano Donati
Vitaliano Donati (1717–1762), born in Padua in Italy, was an Italian doctor, archeologist, and botanist. He took the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1739.


Walter Maioli
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